Thursday, January 21, 2010

Research Methodology.4

M.Phil. DEGREE EXAMINATION, 2007
( BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION )
( PAPER - I )
110. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND
STATISTICAL TECHNIQUES
December ] [ Time : 3 Hours
Maximum : 100 Marks
Turn over
SECTION - A (5 × 8 = 40)
Answer any FIVE questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
1. “A research scholar has to work as a judge
and derive the truth and not as a pleader
who is only eager to prove his case in favour
of his plaintiff ”. Discuss the statement pointing
out the objectives of research.
2. “The task of defining the research problem
often follows a sequential pattern”. - Explain.

3. Under what circumstances stratified random
sampling design is considered appropriate ?
How would you select such sample ? Explain
by means of an example.
4. Write a note on semantic differential scale.
5. Why tabulation is considered essential in a
research study ?
6. Write a brief note on the ‘task of
interpretation’ in the context of research
methodology.
7. The following table gives the number of units
produced per day by two workers A and B
for a number of days :

A 40 30 38 41 38 35
B 39 38 41 33 32 49 49 34

Should these results be accepted as
evidence that B is the more stable worker ?
Use F - test at 5 % level.
8. What is chi - square test ? Explain its
significance in statistical analysis.

9. “Research design in exploratory studies must
be flexible but in descriptive studies, it must
minimize bias and maximize reliability”. -
Discuss.
10. Clearly explain the difference between
collection of data through questionnaires and
schedules.
11. How will you differentiate between descriptive
statistics and inferential statistics ? Describe
the important statistical measures often used
to summarise the survey / research data.
12. “Discriminate use of average is very essential
for sound statistical analysis”. - Why ? Answer,
giving examples.
13. A college is running post - graduate classes in
five subjects with equal number of students.
The total number of absentees in these five
classes is 75. Test the hypothesis is that these

classes are alike in absenteeism if the actual
absentees in each are as follows :
History = 19
Philosophy = 18
Economics = 15
Commerce = 12
Chemistry = 11.

Answer any FIVE questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
(5 x 20 = 100)

1.Present the various types of research and their practical utility.

2.What is hypothesis? Discuss the steps involved in testing of a hypothesis.

3.Explain the types of sampling techniques and present their usefulness in business research.

4.Explain the characteristics of a good questionnaire. How is a questionnaire different from a schedule?

5.‘‘The suitability of data processing methods depends on the volume of data to be processed’’. Comment.

6.Explain in detail the different types of scaling techniques.

7.‘‘A research report containing excessive information is not a good report’’. Comment.

8.Write short notes on the following :
(a)Chi-Square test
(b)Pilot study.
(c)Review of literature
(d)Tabulation.



Answer any FIVE questions.
All questions carry equal marks.

1.Define Research. How does pure research differ from applied research?

2.Describe the significance of research in Social Sciences.

3.Define ‘Hypothesis’. Discuss the sources of hypothesis.

4.What is sampling? Explain the essentials of good sampling.

5.Discuss the factors that determine a sample size.

6.What is case study method? Explain its features.

7.Define ‘interview schedule’. Discuss the essentials of a good interview schedule.

8.What is scaling technique? Discuss the importance of scaling techniques.




COURSE CODE-6031002
M.PHIL DEGREE EXAMINATION-DEC 2009
M.PHIL (Common to Chemistry,electronics,environmental science, library and information science,maths,physics,physiology,zoology,biochemistry,biotechnology,botany,computer science,commerce,food & nutrition,geology,home science,mass communication,management,microbiology,physical education,psychology,textitles,tourism management)
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY THEORY AND TECHNIQUES
(For Candidate admitted from calendar year 2007 Onwards)
Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks:100

Section-A

Answer all the Questions: [Marks 10*3=30]
1. characteristic of laboratory research?

2. What are the measures of despersion?

3. What is mean and median?

4. Define type I and type II errors.

5. Define Skew ness.

6. What are the types of sampling?

7. Define cautions.

8. What is the term null hypothesis and level of significance?

9. What are 't' and 'f' tests?

10. Explain the chi squre test.

Section –B

Answer any Five Questions: [Marks 5*6=30]

11. Explain the types of research.

12. What is a questionnaire? What are the essential characteristics of a good questionnaire?

13. Explain advantage and disadvantage of sampling.

14. Briefly explain the standard error?

15. Mechanism of preparation and submission of thesis?

16. Briefly explain the procedure of survey and case study?

17. Explain types of reports.

18. Find out the correlation co-efficient.

Price 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
supply 30 29 29 25 24 24 24 21 18 15



Section –C

Answer any two question: [Marks 2*20=40]

19. Explain the types of hypothesis and fundamentals of hypothesis testing?

20. What are the various methods of data collection? Discuss in detail along with their
advantage and disadvantage?

21. Calculate the mean,median and mode for the following frequency distribution.

Marks 0-10 10-20 20-30 30-40 40-50 50-60

No. of 5 10 25 30 20 10
students.






B.A. DEGREE EXAMINATION, 2009
( POPULATION STUDIES )
(THIRD YEAR )
( PART - III )
( PAPER - VI )
710. ELEMENTS OF RESEARCH
METHODOLOGY
May ] [ Time : 3 Hours
Maximum : 100 Marks
Answer any FIVE questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
(5× 20 = 100)
1. Explain the important steps in social research.
2. Explain the scope and utility of social
research.
3. Define hypothesis and explain the role of
hypothesis in social research.

4. Explain different types of research design.
5. Explain the meaning and types of sampling
techniques.
6. Discuss the different tools for data collection
with their merits and demerits.
7. Explain different measures of central tendency
with their merits and demerits.
8. Explain different measures of dispersion.
9. Explain different types of correlation with
suitable example.
10. Write a short note on any TWO of the
following :
(a) Research report.
(b) Processing and analysis of data.
(c) Standard deviation.
(d) Data collection methods.

Register Number :
Name of the Candidate :
1 5 7 9

M.A. DEGREE EXAMINATION, 2009
( HUMAN RIGHTS )
( FIRST YEAR )
( PAPER - V )

550. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
May ] [ Time : 3 Hours
Maximum : 100 Marks

SECTION - A (5 × 8 = 40)
Answer any FIVE questions
in about 300 words each.

All questions carry equal marks.
1. What are the various types of research ?
2. Explain the term concepts.
3. What is participant observation ?
4. How to select a sample ?
5. What is case study ?
6. What is pilot study ?
7. Bring out the importance of bibliography in
research.
8. Enumerate the aims of social research.

SECTION - B (3 × 20 = 60)
Answer any THREE questions
in about 1,200 words each.
All questions carry equal marks.

9. Discuss the various problems in social science
research.
10. How is a research problem formulated ?
11. Discuss the importance of survey research.
12. Examine the various tools of data collection.
13. How is a hypothesis tested in research ?





Time: Three hours
Maximum: 100 marks

SECTION A - [5 x 8 = Marks 40]
Answer any FIVE questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
Each answer not to exceed 300 words.

1. Explain the types of hypothesis.

2. Discuss the importance of research design.

3. What is cross sectional study*

4. Discuss item analysis.

5. Explain types of reliability.

6. Write about confidence levels.

7. What is Chi-square test?

8. Explain scientific method.

SECTION B - [3 x 20 = Marks 60]
Answer any THREE questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
Each answer not to exceed 1,200 words.

9. Discuss the ways in which a research problem is manifested.

10. Explain the different sampling procedures.

11. Discuss the different types of research tools.

12. Discuss the importance of parametric tests.

13. What are the steps in reporting research? 







DISTANCE EDUCATION
M.Phil. (I.B.) DEGREE EXAMINATION, DECEMBER 2008.
TECHNIQUES
(Upto 2006 Batch)
Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks
Answer any FIVE questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
1. (a) Explain the uses of correlation. How does it differ
from regression.
(b) Find out which of the two batsmen is more
consistent in scaring. Would you also accept him as a better
batsman? Why?
Batsman A : 5 7 16 27 39 53 56 61
Batsman B : 0 4 16 21 41 43 57 78
2. (a) Under what conditions ‘t’ test is used? How does it
differ from ‘Z’ test?
(b) The following zero–order correlation co–efficients
are given
0.98 12 r = , 0.44 13 r = , 0.54 23 r = .
Calculate multiple correlation coefficient treating
first variable as dependent and second and third variables as
independent.
12
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Wk ser
3. (a) Explain the different types of hypothesis.
(b) In a newspaper article of 1,600 words in Hindustani
64 percent of the words are found to be a Hindi origin
assuming the simple sampling conditions hold good, estimate
the proportion of Hindi words in the writer’s vocabulary and
assign limits to that proportion.
4. (a) Highlight the procedure of testing a hypothesis.
(b) A sample of 1,000 students from Alagappa
University was taken and their average weight was found to be
112 pounds with a standard deviation of 20 pounds. Could the
mean weights of students in the population be 120 pounds?
5. (a) What is 2 – test? Under what conditions can it be
used?
(b) From the data given below test whether there is
association between economic status and economic
achievement.
Rich Poor
Educated 608 1659
Uneducated 905 1345
6. (a) Explain the term variance. Under what conditions
can analysis of variance be used?
(b) Quotation of index number of security prices of a
certain joint stock company and of prices of preference shares
and debentures are given below.
Preference share Price (X ) : 73.2 85.7 78.9 75.8 77.2
Debenture Price (Y ) : 97.8 99.2 98.3 98.4 96.7
Use the method of rank correlation to determine the
relationship between Pref. share prices and debenture prices.
4
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7. (a) Explain the uses of Mann–Whitney test in research.
(b) The following calculations have been made for
prices of 12 stocks (X ) on the Coimbatore Stock Exchange on a
certain day along with the volume of sales in thousands of
shares (Y ) . From these calculations find the regression
equation of prices of stocks, on the volume of sales of shares.
580, 370, 11494, 41558, 17306 2 2 x = y = xy = x = y = .
8. (a) Define Skewness and Kurtosis and discuss their
uses.
(b) From the following information, state whether the
two attributes i.e. condition of house and condition of child are
independent.
Condition of child Condition of house
Clean Dirty
Clean 59 51
Fairly clean 73 20
Dirty 35 44
—————————
5
Wk ser
DE –464 9
DISTANCE EDUCATION
M.Phil. DEGREE EXAMINATION, DECEMBER 2008.
International Business
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MANAGEMENT
(Upto 2006 batch)
Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks
Answer any FIVE questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
1. Critically examine the factors which influence the terms
of trade of a country.
2. Describe the different modes of FDI and the global trend
in each mode.
3. The criticisms against the PPP theory of exchange rate
are absurd. Discuss.
4. Explain the components of India’s Foreign exchange
reserve and present the present trend.
5. Enumerate the documentation requirement for a bond
issue in International Financial market.
13
6
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6. Give a brief account of changing scenario of International
financial market during the past five years ending march 2007.
7. During sep. 2008 the global financial system went into
turmoil. Analyse the causes and effects of the same.
8. MNCs have helped India immensely. Discuss.

(DEDPPH 01)
M.Phil. DEGREE EXAMINATION, MAY 2008.
Education
Paper I- RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND EDUCATIONAL STATISTICS
Time: Three hours Maximum:100 marks
Answer any FIVE questions.
all questions carry equal marks.
1. describe the meaning, nature and importance of Educational research.
2. What are the errors in selecting a research problem? discuss.
3. Distinguish between qualitative research and Quantitative research- Illustrate.
4. What is hypothesis? State different types of hypothesis. What is importance of hypothesis in Educational research?
5. what is sampling? Describe the characteristics of a good sample.
6. what is questionnaire? Describe the merits and demerits of questionnaire.
7. what is "validity"? Discuss the factors influencing the validity of research findings.
8. What are various measures of Central Tendency?Calculate arithmetic mean and mode from the following data:
Class Interval: 71-75 66-70 61-65 56-60 51-55 46-50 41-45 36-40 31-35 26-30
f 5 7 9 10 13 17 14 13 8 4
9. How do you select a research problem? Describe the objectives and outcome with special reference to your research study.
10. What is reliability of a test? how do you estimate the test -retest reliability coefficient?


M.Sc. DEGREE EXAMINATION – JUNE 2008.

(AY 2003-04 to CY 2005)

Psychology

First Year

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Time : 3 hours Maximum marks : 75

PART A — (3 × 5 = 15 marks)

Answer any THREE questions.

Each answer not to exceed 1 page.


1.What is a Psychological Research? [MARKS 5]


2.How is a variance controlled? [MARKS 5]


3.Differentiate an Independent and Dependent variable. [MARKS 5]


4.What is a Standard Error? Give an example. [MARKS 5]


5.Write a short note on correlation coefficient. [MARKS 5]


PART B — (4 X 15 = 60 marks)

Answer any FOUR questions.

Answer for each question not to exceed 4 pages.


6.Define Hypothesis. State the characteristics and sources of Hypothesis. [MARKS 15]


7.Define Sampling. Describe the various Methods of Sampling. [MARKS 15]


8.Explain the criteria for good research tool. [MARKS 15]


9.Define chi-square test. What are the steps to calculate chi-square value? [MARKS 15]


10.Highlight the determinants of sample size. [MARKS 15]


11.Explain the process involved in Item Analysis. [MARKS 15]


12.Discuss the steps in writing a Research Proposal with a suitable Research example. [MARKS 15]

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY FOR MANAGEMENT DECISIONS
Time : 3 hours Maximum marks : 75
Answer for 5 marks questions should
not exceed 2 pages.
Answer for 10/15 marks questions should
not exceed 5 pages.
PART A — (3 × 5 = 15 marks)
Answer any THREE questions.
When is a t-test used and for what purposes?
State the basic assumptions of the analysis of variance.
Explain some of the common forms of interpretations.
Define controlled observation and uncontrolled observations.
What is Likert-Type scale in attitude measurement?
PART B — (4 ´ 15 = 60 marks)
Answer any FOUR questions.
What are the steps in preparing a research design?
How can the secondary sources of data be evaluated? Describe.
What are the different criteria used in selecting samples?
Explain in detail the significance of pre-testing.
Write a brief description of the techniques and steps in construction of a questionnaire.
What are the essentials and prerequisites for interpretation?
Discuss briefly some of the essential requirements for preparation of research report.

B.Com Advanced Business Management Paper - V (Principal Paper)

Advanced Business Management
Paper - V (Principal Paper)
[Research Methodology]

Seat No. :


Time : 3 Hours] [Total Marks : 70


Notes : (i) Clearly mention the option you attempt,
(ii) Attempt all the five questions, all questions carry equal marks, (iii) Answer should be written to the point,
(iv) Draw diagrams & give examples wherever necessary,
(v) Cleanliness & richness of the answer is expected from the students.


1. Define the terms research & research methodology. Describe the process of research.
OR

1. What is research problem? Define. Describe the necessity of defining the problem.
What are the techniques involved in defining a problem? Explain.


2. Explain :
(a) features of a good design. (b) steps in sampling design
OR
2. Explain :
(a) characteristics of a good sample design. (b) types of a sample design.

3. Explain :
(a) define scale & classification bases of scale. (b) various tests of sound measurement.
OR

3. Define the term data collection. Describe the various methods of data collection.

4.
What do you mean by processing of data ? Explain. Also describe the types of analysis
of data.
OR
4. Define & explain the following terms: (a) sampling frame,
(b) universe,

(c) sampling error and

(d) confidence level & significance level.

5. Attempt any two :

(a) Techniques of interpretation, (b) Steps in report writing,
(c) Layout of research report, (d) Types of research,
(e) Research method v \ s methodology.

OR

5. Attempt any two short notes:

(a) Criteria of a good research,

(b) Types of important research design, (c) Census and sample survey,
(d) Sources of error in measurement,

(e) Guidelines for constructing a questionnaire 



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